It was about the 11th hour when the First District of Virginia’s Democrats ultimately decided on a Congressional candidate on Saturday: Norman Mosher of Irvington.
Recently, Democrats were not certain they would have a candidate for November’s election. Then, at their district convention in Fredericksburg Saturday, Ted Hontz of King George nominated Mosher for the job. Mosher’s was the only nomination and he will face the winner of The Republican’s June 10 primary, probably incumbent congressman Rob Wittman and Libertarian Xavian Draper.
Northumberland County Democrats committeeman Bob Lindsey noted that Mosher, a retired US Navy Captain, has been active in Lancaster County Democratic Party affairs and helped Hontz in Hontz’s unsuccessful effort to get the party’s nomination to run against Wittman in Wittman’s first race for the position. Information provided by Northumberland County Democratic Committee chairman Frank Kober, pointed out that Mosher has served on the Irvington town council.
Mosher served for 26 years in the Navy and commanded Navy vessels in both the Atlantic and Pacific. After retiring from the Navy he worked on the staff of the United States Senate Armed Services Committee while it was chaired by Sen. Sam Nunn who retired in 1997. In that work, Mosher analyzed Navy, Marines and Special Operations research, development and procurement budgets.
The biographical information provided noted that Mosher and his wife, Jan, moved to Irvington in 1996 and that year and again in 1997 sailed their ketch to the Caribbean. Later, after Mosher had started his company, Crosswater Cats, he sailed his prototype motorized catamaran from the Chesapeake Bay to Bermuda, 600 miles, in 51 hours. In addition to Crosswater Cats, after Mosher left the staff of the Armed Services Committee, he worked as a consultant on ocean research, shipbuilding and propulsion and related matters. More recently he has become a board member of LJI, Inc., a non-profit devoted to helping girls in India who have been rescued from human traffickers.
Both Lindsey and Kober noted that Mosher had given a series of excellent power point presentations on Global Warming, or as it is now called, Climate Change, in the area.
A call to Mosher was not returned and no information regarding his place and date of birth, religious affiliation or education was available at press time.
First District Democrats Nominate Norm Mosher for Congress
At the First Congressional District Democratic Convention today, Democrats nominated Norm Mosher for Congress.
Norm Mosher is a resident of Irvington, VA and previously served on the Town Council of Irvington.
“I’m running because I’m seeing how Congress is dysfunctional — it’s not working at all. Our families, our communities and our Commonwealth are paying the price. People need to be able to look forward to the future. This means economic security for all — good jobs, good roads and good schools,” said Mosher.
“When folks look up at Congress and see all the partisan wrangling and dirt throwing they lose faith. Why should people have any trust in our government if it’s not accountable? I want to restore people’s faith in America and the American Dream. Our challenges can be our opportunities to do things in new ways, in better ways — but first we have to learn to work together again — and that’s why I am standing here today. Through my life I’ve gained experience, knowledge and know-how on leading teams to meet overwhelming challenges. I’ve answered my country’s call for service before, and I’m answering it now.”
Norm retired from the Navy with the rank of Captain, after a 26 year career. During his career, he commanded ships in both the Atlantic and Pacific, and a squadron of destroyers in the Pacific. Mosher was an early volunteer to serve in Vietnam. Even before the arrival of American combat troops, he was sailing the Vietnam coasts and mouth of the Mekong River in wooden junks as an advisor to a paramilitary group. Later, the first ship he commanded was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation for its performance in the coastal waters of Vietnam. For his service in this period, he was awarded the Legion of Merit with Combat Distinguishing Device, the Bronze Medal with Combat Distinguishing Device, and the Air Medal.
Following retirement from the Navy, he became a Professional Staff Member of the Senate Armed Services Committee chaired by the highly respected Senator Sam Nunn. Norm was responsible for analytical oversight of $25 billion of the Department of Defense budget for Research and Development, and Procurement for the Navy, Marine Corps, and Special Operations forces.
“I’m delighted to endorse Norm Mosher for Congress,” said Ted Hontz. “As a former Naval officer and businessman, and as a long term resident of the First Congressional District, he’s the right person at the right time. But more importantly, Norm Mosher has the know-how and understands the diverse needs of our citizens, so he won’t need a ramp-up period to be effective on Capitol Hill. As a entrepreneur and businessman, Norm understands the issues important to the business community. You won’t see Norm voting to shut down the government and denying pay to the large government and contractor workforce in the district. And for many small businesses, those losses were never regained. I’m excited about the potential to have a congressman who votes for the best interests of his constituents. Norm Mosher is the leader we’ve been looking for to represent us in Congress.”
In 1990, Mosher started his own consulting company specializing in ocean research, shipbuilding, ship propulsion systems, and related areas. Mosher’s clients included shipbuilding companies, marine propulsion companies, and the world’s leading ocean research institution where he developed an interest in the science underlying global warming and climate change.
Norm and his wife, Jan, moved to Irvington, VA in 1996 and sailed their ketch to the Caribbean for the 1996 and 1997 seasons. Mosher founded Crosswater Cats LLC in 2001 to develop and build large power catamarans. In 2005 he sailed the prototype catamaran to Bermuda in a West Marine power boat rally. The 600 odd miles from Thimble Shoals Light in Chesapeake Bay to the Bermuda Spit Buoy was covered in 51 hours. The second boat came in 26 hours later.
Currently, Norm serves as a board member of LJI, INC, a young nonprofit organization developing programs for at-risk girls in India who have been rescued from human trafficking. LJI is building a publishing platform to address policy and practice in this area.
“Norm Mosher is a fighter. We need someone who is going to fight for us. During the government shutdown, the current Congressman didn’t do anything to bring the impasse to an end because he didn’t want to rock the boat. Even when people in our district were hurting, he couldn’t bring himself to challenge his partisan handlers. We need more than a yes man who just follows his partisan leaders. Norm Mosher understands the needs of our diverse district and he knows how to sail in rough waters. He’s not afraid, he won’t back down. This is the kind of leadership we need and deserve,” said Marc Broklawski, Chair, Virginia’s First Congressional District Democratic Committee.
CAMPAIGN ACCEPTANCE SPEECH
THANKS, DONNA. YOU HAVE DONE SO MUCH FOR VIRGINIA
DEMOCRATS. I AM HUMBLED AND HONORED TO HAVE YOUR TRUST.
AND, TED. THANKS SO MUCH FOR YOUR SUPPORT AND KIND
INTRODUCTION. YOU ARE THE GOLD STANDARD FRIEND WHOSE
SUPPORT I TREASURE.
AND, THANK YOU, FIRST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT DEMOCRATIC
CONVENTION DELEGATES. (TRY TO SAY THAT FAST!) YOUR
EXPRESSION OF CONFIDENCE AND SUPPORT TRULY INSPIRES ME
TO PRESS ON FOR VICTORY IN THIS RACE.
I HAVE BEEN ASKED WHY I WANT TO TAKE ON THIS CHALLENGE,
AND, NATURALLY, I HAVE GIVEN A LOT OF THOUGHT TO THAT
QUESTION. IT COMES DOWN, I THINK, TO WHAT WAS SAID IN A FEW
LINES OF POETRY:
“I SLEPT AND DREAMED THAT LIFE WAS BEAUTY;
I WOKE AND FOUND THAT LIFE WAS DUTY.”
IN THE PAST, IN THE NAVY, IT WAS MY GREAT PRIVILEGE TO HAVE
THE OPPORTUNITY TO COMMAND SHIPS AND MEN.
NOT A DAY WENT BY THAT I DIDN’T FEEL THE WEIGHT OF
RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE PERFORMANCE OF THE SHIP AND THE
WELFARE AND SAFETY OF THE MEN MAKING THAT PERFORMANCE
I USED TO LIKEN THAT CONSTANT WEIGHT AS CARRYING STONES
ALL DAY AND EVERY DAY TO REMIND ME OF MY FIRST DUTY TO MY
SHIP AND MY MEN.
FOR US TO BE SUCCESSFUL, THEY HAD TO COME FIRST. THE
SAYING THAT LOYALTY DOWN BREEDS LOYALTY UP IS SOUND AND
TRUE FOR EVERY LEADERSHIP SITUATION. YOU CAN’T DO BIG
JOBS ALONE, BUT TOGETHER, YOU CAN DO MIGHTY THINGS. THE
TEAM IS EVERYTHING. WE ARE THE TEAM. WE CAN DO MIGHTY
THINGS. AND TOGETHER WE WILL.
WHEN ONE IS ELECTED TO REPRESENT THE INTERESTS OF A
GROUP OF PEOPLE, THE BURDEN OF RESPONSIBILITY IS HEAVY,
BUT IT IS A BURDEN WILLINGLY TAKEN UP AND HUMBLING—AND TO
BE CARRIED EVERY DAY LIKE A BAG OF STONES HEAVY ENOUGH
TO REMIND OF WHO YOU ARE, AND FOR WHOM YOU WORK.
FORGET THAT, AND YOU SHATTER THE SOCIAL CONTRACT THAT
GAVE YOU LEADERSHIP. LEADERSHIP CAN BE GIVEN. LEADERSHIP
CAN BE ABANDONED. IN WHICH CASE, A NEW LEADER MUST BE
POLLS TELL US AMERICANS BELIEVE CONGRESS IS BROKEN AND
DYSFUNCTIONAL—IT IS NOT WORKING, AT ALL, AND PEOPLE ARE
MAD BECAUSE LEADERS HAVE ABANDONED THEIR DUTY. AND, WE
ARE ALL PAYING THE PRICE IN:
POOR JOB RECOVERY AND CREATION
LACK OF INVESTMENT IN INFRASTRUCTURE
NEGLECT FOR OUR PUBLIC SCHOOLS AND RELIEVING THE COSTS
OF HIGHER EDUCATION
THE CURRENT STATE OF AMERICA CAN’T CONTINUE
OUR SHRINKING MIDDLE CLASS GETS A SMALLER SHARE OF
NATIONAL WEALTH THAN ANYWHERE EXCEPT CHINA AND INDIA,
AND BOTH OF THEM ARE CATCHING UP TO US. WE ARE HEADED
TOWARD THIRD WORLD STATUS.
IN THE RECENT RECESSION 1/5 OF THE JOBS LOST WERE LOW
WAGE. IN OUR RECOVERY NEARLY 3/5 OF THE JOBS REGAINED
HAVE BEEN LOW WAGE.
THE MIDDLE AND BOTTOM OF OUR ECONOMY ARE BEING SUCKED
DRY BY THOSE AT THE VERY TOP OF THE INCOME AND WEALTH
OVER THE PAST 30 YEARS 60% OF ALL WEALTH HAS BEEN
FUNNELED TO THE TOP 1% OF THE POPULATION WHO HAVE
BECOME THE POLITICAL DONOR CLASS EVER BENDING THE CURVE
OF PRIVILEGE AND ADVANTAGE THEIR WAY AT THE EXPENSE OF
THE REST OF US.
WARREN BUFFET HAS SAID CLASS WARFARE IS GOING ON AND HIS
CLASS IS WINNING.
AS AN EXAMPLE, THE WALTON FAMILY, THE LARGEST EMPLOYER IN
THE NATION AND ONE OF THE WEALTHIEST FAMILIES IN AMERICA IS
AN OLYMPIC CLASS WELFARE CHAMP. RATHER THAN PAY THEIR
EMPLOYEES A LIVING WAGE THEY SHOW THEM HOW TO GET ONTO
EVERY WALMART EMPLOYEE IS SUBSIDIZED BY US TO THE TUNE
OF NEARLY $6000 A YEAR. EVERY STORE IS SUBSIDIZED BY A $
MILLION. THE TOTAL WALMART WELFARE BILL WE PAY WITH OUR
TAX DOLLARS IS $2 BILLION ANNUALLY.
WALMART IS NOT ALONE. THE FAST FOOD INDUSTRY HAS
FOLLOWED THE LOW WAGE/PUBLIC ASSISTANCE STRATEGY, TOO.
AS THE TOP SQUEEZES THE WORKERS, ROB WITTMAN SEEMS TO
BELIEVE THEY ARE SLACKERS OF LOW CHARACTER ANYHOW WHO
DON’T DESERVE PUBLIC ASSISTANCE, AND DRUG TESTING BEFORE
THEY ARE GIVEN ANY BENEFITS IS OKAY, IN HIS VIEW. IF HE COULD,
I SUPPOSE HE WOULD ASK CHILDREN TO PEE IN A CUP BEFORE
THEY GET A SCHOOL LUNCH.
THE ECONOMIC POWER EQUATION HAS TILTED SO FAR IN FAVOR
OF EMPLOYERS THAT EMPLOYEES ARE BEING EXPLOITED AS
EXPENDABLE WAGE SLAVES. THAT POWER BALANCE NEEDS TO BE
RESTORED. LABOR IS NOT A COMMODITY.
I’M TIRED OF SUPPORTING WEALTHY WELFARE MOOCHERS. IT
NEEDS TO END. THEY CAN DAMN WELL START PAYING THEIR
EMPLOYEES A LIVING WAGE. THEY SHOULD HASTEN TO DO IT
VOLUNTARILY, BECAUSE THE SEEDS OF REVOLT OF THE WORKERS
ARE SPROUTING, AND WE NEED TO WATER THOSE SEEDS.
WE MUST EMPOWER WORKERS BY SUPPORTING UNIONS AND
THOSE TRYING TO UNIONIZE. THIS IS A NOBLE CALLING, AND,
FRANKLY, AN IMPORTANT WAY TO START REDUCING THE INCOME
AND WEALTH INEQUALITY THAT IS STRANGLING THE NATION’S
HISTORY TEACHES A CLEAR LESSON: COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
CREATES A FAIR CLIMATE FOR MANAGEMENT AND WORKERS TO
COME TOGETHER. STRONG COMPANIES AND STRONG UNIONS GO
HAND IN HAND.
ALL AROUND US WE SEE THE CRUMBLING REMAINS OF THE
INVESTMENT IN INFRASTRUCTURE SPURRED LARGELY BY
PRESIDENT EISENHOWER. HE SAW THE ENDING OF A WAR IN
KOREA AND INVESTMENT IN AMERICA AS A MATTER OF NATIONAL
SECURITY—AND SO SHOULD WE.
INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS CREATE JOBS. THE PROJECTS
SHOULD BE UNDERTAKEN WITH PRIVATE/PUBLIC FUNDING
THROUGH AN INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT BANK AS
CONTAINED IN LEGISLATION HOUSE REPUBLICANS REFUSE TO
TAKE UP LIKE OTHER LEGISLATION AIMED AT INVESTING IN
REPUBLICANS HAVE A WALL OF OBSTRUCTION ERECTED TO
PREVENT THE ECONOMIC RECOVERY OF AMERICA.
THEY BELIEVE THAT IF THE ECONOMY IS BAD ENOUGH, THE PUBLIC
WILL BLAME THE PRESIDENT AND THE POLITICAL SYSTEM WILL BE
PUT BACK IN THEIR HANDS.
I AM DEDICATED TO SEEING THAT DOES NOT HAPPEN BY
REMOVING ONE OBSTACLE TO PROGRESS—REPRESENTATIVE ROB
OUR SCHOOLS AND OUR EDUCATION SYSTEM HAVE BEEN UNDER
ATTACK BY THOSE WHO BELIEVE THERE IS PROFIT TO BE MADE IN
EDUCATION. PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS HAVE BEEN TREATED
WITH ARROGANCE, SCORN AND PUT IN A BOX LABELED “TEACH TO
WE HAVE BEEN TOLD TEACHERS’ UNONS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR
POOR SCHOOLS. REALLY?
THE “FOR PROFIT” SCHOOLS DON’T WANT TEACHERS WHO
BELONG TO UNIONS. “FOR PROFIT” SCHOOLS HAVE THEIR EYE
FIRST ON THE BOTTOM LINE. UNIONS PROTECT TEACHERS FROM
BEING JUST ANOTHER FACTOR OF PRODUCTION TO BE
SQUEEZED— JUST AS THEY WILL SQUEEZE OUT POORER
STUDENTS. PROFIT DEMANDS HIGH TEST SCORES—NO MATTER
HOW YOU GET THEM.
COLLEGE STUDENT INDEBTEDNESS IS A NATIONAL DISGRACE. IT IS
A TERRIBLE DAMPER ON THE WHOLE ECONOMY. FORTUNATELY,
SENATOR ELIZABETH WARREN IS ADDRESSING THIS ISSUE WITH
LEGISLATION THAT WOULD ALLOW REFINANCING OF STUDENT
DEBT TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF MARKET INTEREST RATES JUST LIKE
YOU CAN REFINANCE A HOME MORTGAGE.
FRANKLY, I WOULD GO FURTHER. I BELIEVE THE MODEL OF
COLLEGE EDUCATION THAT RELIES ON STUDENT LOANS IS
FLAWED AND, WELL, IMMORAL. STUDENTS HAVE BECOME THE
PIPES OR STRAWS TO THE PUBLIC TREASURY BY WHICH THE
ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS SUCK UP THEIR SUSTENANCE. THAT IS
NOT A PRETTY IMAGE, BUT FAIRLY ACCURATE, I BELIEVE.
MANY YOUNG PEOPLE AND THEIR PARENTS ARE NOW
QUESTIONING THE WISDOM OF TAKING ON DECADES OF DEBT IN A
SLOW ECONOMY FOR AN EDUCATION WHEN DEBT IS LOCKED INTO
HIGH INTEREST RATES AND WHICH DEBT CAN’T BE DISCHARGED
THROUGH BANKRUPTCY. AS A NATION WE CAN’T AFFORD TO HAVE
OUR YOUTH BEGINNING TO THINK COLLEGE MAY NOT BE WORTH
IT—BECAUSE IT IS.
ONE HAS TO ASK WHETHER THE BUSINESS MODEL OUR COLLEGES
AND UNIVERSITIES HAVE DEVELOPED CAN BE SUSTAINED IF IT
PROFITS ITS GRADUATES ARE BURDENED BY DECADES OF DEBT.
IF THE NATION IS TO BE BEST SERVED, SOCIAL GOOD AND SOCIAL
MERIT NEED TO BE THE HIGHEST MEASURE WE REWARD.
THINK FOR A MOMENT THAT THE COMBINED SALARIES OF 350,000
PRE-SCHOOL TEACHERS IS LESS THAN THAT OF FIVE HEDGE FUND
MANAGERS. THERE IS SOMETHING VERY WRONG ABOUT THIS
INVERSION OF VALUES.
SPEAKING OF INVERSION OF VALUES, LET ME SAY A WORD ABOUT
VETERANS AFFAIRS. OUR CONGRESSMAN NEEDS TO BE A TIGER
FOR THE INTERESTS OF VETERANS.
THE FACT IS WHILE THE NUMBER OF VETERANS IN THE GENERAL
POPULATION HAS DROPPED BY HALF SINCE THE 1970’S, THE
PERCENTAGE OF VETERANS IN CONGRESS HAS DROPPED BY 75%.
ONE MIGHT SAY WE HAVE A NEST OF CHICKEN HAWKS.
PERHAPS BECAUSE OF THAT THE CONGRESS PAYS LESS
ATTENTION TO VETERANS AFFAIRS THAN TO THE AFFAIRS OF
THE HOUSE VETERANS COMMITTEE IS MADE UP OF 25 MEMBERS—
MOST OF WHOM YOU HAVE NEVER HEARD OF. MANY OF THEM ARE
FRESHMAN. CONGRESSMAN WITTMAN IS NOT A MEMBER OF THIS
COMMITTEE DESPITE THE HUGE VETERAN POPULATION IN THIS
NOW, YOU SHOULD NOTE THE VA, AS A DEPARTMENT OF
GOVERNMENT, HAS NO LOBBYISTS TO MAKE DONATIONS TO
ON THE OTHER HAND, THE HOUSE ARMED SERVICES COMMITTEE
HAS 62 MEMBERS. LOTS OF MILITARY INDUSTRIAL CORPORATIONS
HAVE IMPORTANT MATTERS COMING BEFORE THIS COMMITTEE.
THEY HAVE LOTS OF LOBBYISTS WHO GIVE GENEROUSLY. THEY
LIKE TO HELP—AND EXPECT TO BE REMEMBERED WHEN THE TIME
THE HOUSE FINANCE COMMITTEE HAS 61 MEMBERS. ALL THOSE
BANKS AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS EMPLOY WHAT MAY WELL BE
AN ARMY OF LOBBYISTS WHO ARE KEEN TO LOOK AFTER THE
MEMBERS WHO LOOK AFTER THEM.
I ASK YOU HOW COULD THE RECENT VA SCANDAL HAVE COME AS A
SURPRISE TO CONGRESS? VETERANS ORGANIZATIONS HAVE BEEN
SOUNDING THE WARNING FOR SEVERAL YEARS. HAVE NO
VETERANS BEEN WRITING CONGRESSMAN WITTMAN ABOUT THEIR
PROBLEMS? WAS HE ADVOCATING FOR THEM?
IF ELECTED, I PROMISE THERE WILL BE NO GREATER ADVOCATE IN
THE CONGRESS FOR OUR VETERANS. IF YOU WANT SOMEBODY
WHO UNDERSTANDS VETERANS’ NEEDS, THEN ELECT A VETERAN.
I’M ONE. I’M PROUD OF IT. AND, TOGETHER, MY BROTHERS AND
SISTERS, WE CAN SCALE THE WALL IN THE OBSTACLE COURSE
I KNOW I AM GOING INTO THIS CAMPAIGN AGAINST A
PROFESSIONAL POLITICIAN. HE HAS DONE LITTLE ELSE IN HIS LIFE.
CONGRESSMAN WITTMAN HAS BEEN ELECTED AND REELECTED
AS AN OLD ADMIRAL IN WESTMORELAND COUNTY SAID IN A LETTER
TO THE EDITOR RECENTLY, HE HAS AMASSED SENIORITY.
YES, HE HAS. YOU KNOW, IT IS ONLY NECESSARY TO SIT THERE
FOR A WHILE FOR SENIORITY TO GROW, BUT A BODY AT REST
TENDS TO STAY AT REST. AT HIS FEET THE WAR CHEST HAS BEEN
AMASSING ALONG WITH SENIORITY. SPECIAL INTERESTS ADMIRE
SENIORITY AND ARE EVER MORE GENEROUS. THE CHORE AHEAD
OF US WILL BE LIKE UNSEATING JABBA THE HUTT, BUT, TOGETHER,
OUR TEAM CAN DO IT.
BUT, FULL STOP, WAIT JUST A MINUTE. WHERE IS AND WHAT IS THE
RECORD OF SERVICE TO CONSTITUENTS? WHAT HAS HAPPENED
TO HIS REMINDERS OF HIS FIRST DUTY. DOES HE HAVE THEM
AFTER ALL THESE YEARS? OR IS IT TIME FOR HIM TO BE
HOUSE REPUBLICANS HAVE BUILT A WALL OF OBSTRUCTION TO
BLOCK PROGRESS IN AMERICA. ROB WITTMAN, HAS SACRIFICED
CONSTITUENT INTEREST TO THE SINGLE-MINDED GOAL OF
BUILDING THAT WALL.
BEHIND THAT WALL OF OBSTRUCTION, THEY TEAR THEIR HAIR AND
WAIL AT THE ADMINISTRATION, MOUTHING NON-STOP NONSENSE
CONSERVATIVE POSITIONS: LIKE
- “REPEAL OBAMACARE”
• “CAP AND TAX”
• “COMMON SENSE SOLUTIONS”
• “PRIVATIZE SOCIAL SECURITY”
• “MARKET DRIVEN SOLUTIONS”
• SCIENCE IS A LIBERAL SCHEME
• WE’LL TAKE CARE OF WOMEN’S HEALTH.
• DON’T TAX THE JOB CREATORS
• THE ECONOMY GROWS BY TRICKLING DOWN FROM THE TOP
• IMMIGRATION REFORM—ARE YOU KIDDING!
WE NEED TO REPLACE CONGRESSMAN WITTMAN TO OPEN A HOLE
IN THAT OBSTRUCTIONIST WALL SO A HAND CAN BE EXTENDED
THROUGH TO THE OTHER SIDE TO INVITE COOPERATION IN
GETTING THE ECONOMY MOVING WITH JOBS, INFRASTRUCTURE,
RENEWAL, PUBLIC SCHOOL REVITALIZATION, AND STUDENT DEBT
ELECTED OFFICIALS SHOULD CARRY A BAG OF STONES TO REMIND
THEM OF THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES.
DID CONGRESSMAN WITTMAN USE HIS TO BUILD THE WALL OF
YOU SHOULD ASK CONGRESSMAN WITTMAN, “WHERE ARE YOUR